Most police officers have the power to arrest people, search people, and search houses/properties. For those and other reasons, some democratic countries favour organizing police forces on a local basis. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The area where police officers can use these powers is called their jurisdiction. Germany has a similar system. This page from our English for Police section lists language that police need in an … Resource type: Dialogue, with audio Level: Pre-intermediate Practical English: Police / Thefts and violence My purse was stolen. Police are trained in first aid and rescue, because police officers are often one of the first people to get to a place where people are sick or injured, such as a car accident, or a fire. First, police forces are made subordinate to elected representatives (as in the United States, where mayors or state governors oversee the police, and as in Belgium, where a town’s burgomaster is also the chief of police) or to special elected officials (e.g., the police and crime commissioners of England and Wales). Suggestions. The best known of these bodies are the public constabulary forces that patrol public spaces, often in marked cars, and whose members wear a uniform. This includes the county-level Los Angeles Sheriff's Department, the state-level California Highway Patrol and over 100 federal (or national) law enforcement agencies. Second, the variety of situations in which police are asked to intervene is much greater than law enforcement and order maintenance. A law enforcement agency is any agency that enforces the law. Police vehicles are used for detaining, patrolling and transporting. Those who carry out policing duties are known as police officers. The profession is policed by its own regulatory body. Other countries have more than one. However, no uniform worldwide system of policing ever emerged. A police officer's job is to protect the public, make sure people obey the law and make people feel safe. In Canada, local governments can choose to either run their own police force or give the job to a bigger one. History also helps to explain this diversity; e.g., former colonies tend to keep the policing system established by their colonizers. Many areas have four levels of law enforcement agencies. In most countries, police officers carry guns during their normal duties. They work out of a police station. The radios can be on both the uniform and in the patrol vehicle. Most people willingly obey most laws, whether a police officer is present or not. Police vehicles are usually marked with appropriate logos and are equipped with sirens and flashing light bars to aid in making others aware of police presence. In addition, the countryside has historically been policed by military organizations, as police forces were initially created in urban settings. 1.2. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Hence, the actual use of coercion or the threat of using it allows police to put a quick, nonnegotiated, and conclusive end to problematic situations (e.g., keeping people away from the scene of a fire for their own protection and to allow firemen to do their job). Nous avons appelé la police. (The great exceptions to this model are the United Kingdom and the United States, which have long resisted police centralization.). Police Fines/Warrants. Since the territory to cover may be very large and characterized by difficult terrain, police in such regions must have the long-range mobility and adaptability that are characteristic of military forces. Menu. First, it defines police by their ends rather than by the specific means that they use to achieve their goals. France has two police forces, one for cities and another for rural areas. Because some of these new laws may not have the same moral significance as older laws criminalizing violence, theft, or fraud, people may feel less of an obligation to obey them. The types of crime typically committed in a society and the methods used by criminals play a great part in determining a police force’s activities. There is thus a danger that people who are convicted of having violated a new law may feel aggrieved and in the future be less willing to cooperate with the police or to obey the law when they are not being observed. 2 → the police → military police, secret police GRAMMAR: Singular or plural verb? Police are a group of people whose job is to enforce laws, help with emergencies, solve crimes and protect property. Governments empower police to compel individuals to comply with the law; they allow officers to stop, search, detain, cite, and arrest citizens and to use physical and sometimes deadly force. They may travel by foot, on bicycle or motorcycle, or in marked cars. Another drawback of a system of accountability to local government is that the narrow relationship between the police and their political overseers may facilitate the corruption of both parties. To that end, United Nations Police build and support or, where mandated, act as a substitute or partial substitute for host-State police capacity to prevent and detect crime, protect life and property and maintain public order and safety, in adherence to the rule of law and international human rights law (S/2018/1183). The United Kingdom and Switzerland have many local police forces and several national agencies, but no actual national police force. Coauthor of. A gendarmerie is a police force that is part of the military, although its members rarely do actual military work. 2. All Commissioners and Chief Constables are equal in rank. Another word for police. Just doing their job on the streets day and night. (used with a plural verb) members of such a force: … In the United Kingdom, for example, patrol officers form the "uniform branch", while detectives work within the CID ("Criminal Investigation Department"). n (=organization) police f. We called the police. They sometimes carry equipment such as guns, batons, tasers, or pepper spray. They comply with the laws because they consider them fair and because they believe that in the long run it is in their interest to observe them. Professor of Criminal Justice, Northeastern University, Boston. They are the most visible representatives of the civil authority of government, and they provide the model typically associated with police organizations. These functions are known as policing. In Canada and other English-speaking countries, "[Place] Police Service" is common. In small communities in which most citizens know each other, people who live up to the community’s shared ideals are rewarded with the esteem of their fellow citizens. Throughout the United Kingdom, the rank structure of police forces is identical up to the rank of Chief Superintendent. Moreover, when new laws are created, crime increases almost necessarily. Third, official bodies are appointed to hear and act upon complaints from citizens against the police. As populations grew and informal institutions of socialization and social control—such as the family, schools, and the church—decreased in effectiveness, police became increasingly necessary. 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