Russian Domain: Economic Geography II, 95. Latin America and the Caribbean (LACAR): Urban Geography II, 82. Edit. Ch 5.1; 2 North America. In short, agriculture is limited to the few places where rivers or lakes have deposited fertile silt, such as the Clay Belt south of Hudson Bay (where the former Lake Ojibway once stood.) 's' : ''}}. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? MaxKazmierczak. Is Atlanta, GA west of the Appalachian Mountains? Instructor Joseph Adduci. North America can be divided into five physical regions: the mountainous west, the Great Plains, the Canadian Shield, the varied eastern region, and the Caribbean. North America: Economic Geography I, 32. Drizzle Dripping on the Canadian Shield. Some of these islands contain high mountains, others desolate, rocky shores, while many have jungles teaming with life. Russian Domain: Physical Geography I, 90. Quiz & Worksheet - North American Physical Geography, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Appalachian Mountain Poverty: Facts & History, Major Rivers of the World: Names & Locations, Biological and Biomedical Latin America and the Caribbean (LACAR): Economic Geography II, 77. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Since most of the air masses in the Shield lack moisture, there is surprisingly little precipitation (and also little evaporation) but the remaining Shield climates can support pines, firs, and some deciduous trees. Practice. Next: North America: Political Geography I, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Canada is slightly bigger than the USA and about as big as China. 2020. The hottest temperature recorded in the United States (and in North America) was in Death Valley, California on July 10, 1913. The U.S. borders both the North Atlantic and North Pacific Oceans and is bordered by Canada and Mexico. Some diverse biomes represented in North America include desert, grassland, tundra, and coral reefs. This region gradually increases in elevation, reaching eventually into the Appalachians, which are the continent's oldest existing mountain range. Mariani, Francis. Here are some fantastic Geography lessons of North America for Kids! North America. Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0). Russian Domain: Physical Geography II, 97. Many – if not most – regions of continents have a physical basis and in North America, the Canadian Shield exemplifies this. The study of this impact is called human geography. Landform and Region IDs. 33 North America: Physical Geography I The Canadian Shield. Word Roots. 25 terms. Such diversity offers many opportunities for different types of land use and economic development. 1. The islands of the Caribbean are diverse, but all share similar climates, as well as similar risks such as hurricanes. In this lesson, we're going to take a look at how human geography has an impact on settlement patterns in North America. The Canadian Shield covers the high plateau of the north, characterized by exposed bedrock and abundant lakes. All rights reserved. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Not only did this expose the deeper older rocks and allow easier access to mineral resources (including diamonds in recent decades), but also it helps explain the hydrology of the region. Farther north in the Shield much of the soil is frozen year-round (permafrost), which creates huge problems for construction during summer, melt. This is due to isostatic rebound, the gradual rise of land after the departure of glaciers or ice sheets. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Geography. These mountains are younger than the Appalachians, and can be characterized by rich, volcanic soil. That's a lot of land to cover, and geographers have found it helpful to categorize all of this in regions with similar traits. Did you know… We have over 220 college 48 terms. Latin America and the Caribbean (LACAR): Overview, 86. North America: Population Geography II, 45. Save. Midwest Region. Peter Meserve. The harsh weather of the Shield limits the variety of trees and has resulted in huge expanses of spruces and firs – the best trees for the pulp mills that cover Ontario and Quebec. 2. Pacific Realm: Population Geography II, 31. This too was mostly made by glaciers, being polished and smoothed over millennia. Use these two products to make one big lesson about human and physical geography of North America! The physical geography of North America. Share practice link. Latin America and the Caribbean (LACAR), 67. In terms of physical geography, North America can be divided into 5 distinct regions, each characterized by specific landforms and physical features. For now, let's focus on physical geography, the natural landforms of the Earth's surface, and we can take a little tour of this big continent. Pacific Realm: Population Geography I, 21. The vast majority of North America is on the North American Plate. However, it is distinct in several ways. Latin America and the Caribbean (LACAR): Historical Geography I, 71. We'll see how history has influenced many of those, but all the while we will pay attent… rauc1115. The realm of North America as a continent extends from the polar regions of the Arctic in northern Canada and Alaska all the way south through Mexico and the countries of Central America. Prefixes. Solo Practice. Mountains at eastern and western edges ; Plateaus and rolling plains in the middle 15. You can test out of the Second, glacial activity, either through erosion or deposition, has created “deranged” (random) stream patterns and depressions for thousands of lakes. Latin America and the Caribbean (LACAR): Urban Geography I, 75. Moving west past the Appalachians, we find a massive valley aptly named the Great Plains. Erosion over millions of years exposed Shield rocks by removing mountains of soil and rock. North America Webquest. The Shield is a three million square mile (eight million square kilometer) area of ancient geology, directly linked with Canada’s landforms, climates, and cultures. 9th grade . In fact, the land itself has a major impact on how the population has settled across it. Edit. Imprint New York : Oxford University Press, 2002. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. The geology of the Canadian Shield, combined with the history of the rise and fall of the Ice Age and with the northern latitudes of Canada, creates a large swath of Canada that has a plethora of mineral resources exploited for wealth, a network of waterways used for transportation and tourism, and a landscape better suited for forests than for agriculture. That mentality is what encouraged Christopher Columbus to undertake his voyage in 1492. These islands are often surrounded by coral reefs, and are home to a diverse range of biomes, or ecosystems. North America is the third largest of the seven continents. Encyclopedia / Physical Geography of Land North America It extends for more than 5,000 miles (8,000 km) to within 500 miles (800 km) of both the North Pole … U.S. and Canada share the northern part of the continent ; Covers more than 7 million sq miles about 12 of the earths land surface; 3 Landforms. The age of this region has made it rich in mineral and organic deposits with coal particularly found in abundance. Latin America and the Caribbean (LACAR): Political Geography III, 83. The physical regions of North America are the West, the Canadian Shield, the Great Plains, the East and the Caribbean. Canada and the United States make up the region that covers most of North America. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. North American Physical Geography The United States and Canada All images courtesy of Wikimedia and Google Maps Important Physical Features Rocky Mountains Largest mountain range in North America Also the youngest Reaches higher altitudes than the Appalachian Mountains Stretches from Alaska to Mexico Appalachian Mountains Second largest North American range Oldest range in North America … Let's start with the one that Columbus first encountered: the Caribbean. Since these mountain stretch from near the equator into the tundra, they can see a diverse range of climates and ecosystems. Parts of California and western Mexico form the partial edge of the Pacific Plate, with the two plates meeting along the San Andreas fault . Rags to Riches Review. In the last century a “cottage culture” developed where having a summer place on the water was part of the Canadian dream, for the wealthy at first, but then for the middle class. It was North America, the northern half of the Western Hemisphere and third-largest continent in the world. North America is bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west by the North Pacific Ocean. Finish Editing. The Eastern Region extends from the Atlantic Coast west to the Appalachian Mountains, South along the Caribbean coast of Central America, and North to what is roughly the Canadian border today. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. North America covers a vast area and features a unique physical geography Subjects: Geography. The glaciers of the last Ice Age removed the existing soils and the development of new soils has been slowed by the climate. Russian Domain: Cultural Geography I, 87. These same Precambrian era (beginning 4.5 billion years ago) rocks extend for hundreds of miles under the sedimentary strata of surrounding regions, such as the Great Plains and Central Lowlands. Physical description xv, 551 p. : ill., maps ; 29 cm. https://tinyurl.com/canadianshieldfm. Create an account to start this course today. 0% average accuracy. The deepest lake in the U.S. is Oregon's Crater Lake. imaginable degree, area of The North American continent is a big place, with a diverse range of ecosystems, landforms, and climates. Pacific Realm: Historical Geography I, 18. Geography of North America 1. The Age of Exploration. Responsibility edited by Antony R. Orme. Georgian Bay, Canadian Shield. True tundra occurs in a climate that is found only on the northern shores of the Shield and lacks the forests that dominate the rest. Study.com has thousands of articles about every We show you how we learned about North America and what we learned about that wonderful continent. Starting with the famous Rocky Mountains, the West is defined by a series of long, parallel ranges. study Moving up into the continental regions, we encounter the next physical zone of North America: the Eastern Region. 2016. contains part of the oldest mountain range in the country - the Appalachian Mountains; mostly service industries. North America’s physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. In turn, human activities can’t be separated from the Shield’s physical characteristics because resource availability and exploitation, transportation and accessibility, settlement patterns and growth, and even cultures and lifestyles are so strongly affected by this environment. Boston, Massachusetts, is located in the northeastern U.S., on the Atlantic Ocean. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Mexico and Central America’s western coast are connected to the mountainous west, while its lowlands and coastal plains … Russian Domain: Physical Geography III, The Western World: Daily Readings on Geography. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | It should be noted that some of the rocks in the Canadian Shield are extremely old. In this lesson, we'll look at the physical geography of North America and see how we can categorize all this land. Geographers usually study the continent by dividing it into two separate realms based on differences in physical and cultural geography. Since the shortest air route for Soviet bombers to reach America was across the North Pole and Canada, to monitor this potential Soviet threat, a system of radar stations was placed across the Shield. Visit the Geography Study Guide page to learn more. Chris has a master's degree in history and teaches at the University of Northern Colorado. amberkay60. First, the rocks of the Shield are mostly igneous (often granitic) and are relatively impermeable. Weathering over time has filled this bedrock with numerous holes, creating the many lakes of the Canadian landscape. Russian Domain: Political Geography II, 98. Largest Country: Canada. North American Geography. Russian Domain: Historical Geography II, 96. North America covers an area of about 24,709,000 square kilometers (9,540,000 square miles), about 16.5% of the Earth 's land area and about 4.8% of its total surface. Unit 4 Exam. The temperature that day measured 134 degrees (56°C). Gold, silver, nickel, and iron deposits have been major economic activities for two centuries; the iron deposits in Minnesota’s Mesabi Range supported the American steel industry from the late 1800s through the 20th century, while Ontario’s Sudbury mines did the same for Canada. Instead, massive grasslands dominate the plains, largely thanks to extreme weather than can hit the region at various points in the year. What does Redshirt Mean in College Sports? Particular focus of the research group lies on urban inequalities, sustainable urban development, urban mobilities, as well as retail and consumer trends in cities. 0. a few seconds ago. Where is the Cascade mountain range located? Up until this point, we haven't talked very much about Canada. Many – if not most – regions of continents have a physical basis and in North America, the Canadian Shield exemplifies this. The Great Plains are a massive and flat expanse stretching between the continent's mountain ranges. 23. The Appalachian Mountains in eastern North America were formed around 480 million years ago. Print; Share; Edit; Delete; Report an issue; Start a multiplayer game. In all that space the climates range from subtropical in Florida and nearby areas to polar in Alaska and much of Canada. North of the Eastern Region and Great Plains is an elevated, and mostly flat, plateau called the Canadian Shield. 0. The Shield is a three million square mile (eight million square kilometer) area of ancient geology, directly linked with Canada’s landforms, climates, and cultures. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. Physical Geography Notes North America Economic/ Cultural Geography of North America. Latin America and the Caribbean (LACAR): Historical Geography II, 78. Latin America and the Caribbean (LACAR): Population Geography I, 74. Native copper (pure copper) was found and used long ago by the indigenous peoples around Lake Superior (especially Michigan’s Upper Peninsula) while more recent mines were critical to the development of both countries. Largest City: Mexico City, which is the capital city of Mexico with a populati… These islands are often surrounded by coral reefs, and are home to a diverse range of biomes, or ecosystems. North America: Political Geography II, 43. Lake Superior and Lake Huron are located partially within the borders of the United States, a fact that makes smaller Great Bear Lake the largest lake situated entirely in Canada. In terms of physical geography, North America can be divided into 5 distinct regions, each characterized by specific landforms and physical features. For one, the soil tends not to be as deep, and much of the Canadian Shield is exposed bedrock. About North America. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? 2 terms. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Physical Geo North America.pptx: File Size: 6443 kb: File Type: pptx: Download File. Again, this is a diverse region, but is generally defined by reliable weather patterns featuring consistent seasons and abundant rain. 37 terms. The Eastern Regions include the Atlantic Coast through the Appalachians, marked by reliable seasons and ancient landforms. Northeast Region. That also includes the world’s only temperate rainforest in the Pacific Northwest region, where trees like the Giant Sequoia grow to be 379 feet tall. Latin America and the Caribbean (LACAR): Political Geography II, 80. To the northeast Greenland is separated from Iceland by the Denmark Strait , and to the northwest Alaska is separated from the Asian mainland by the much narrower Bering Strait . {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Each environment is well suited to some activity, assuming that the culture, technology, and capital resources can support human needs and desires. How to Pass the Kaplan Nursing Entrance Exam, Common Core Standards & English Language Learners, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. This cordillera, a collection of mountain ranges, extends from Canadian British Columbia all the way through the American West, Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and into Panama. Latin America. This quiz is incomplete! Create your account, Already registered? Available online At the library. The Physical Features of North America Presentation created by Robert L. Martinez Primary Content Source: Geography Alive! The Caribbean region is composed of the Caribbean Sea and the more than 7,000 islands that fill it. 4. At 1,932 feet (589 m) it is the world's seventh deepest lake. amberkay60. Title: Physical Geography of North America 1 Physical Geography of North America. The Caribbean includes the vast Caribbean Sea and the 7,000 island within it, mostly built around coral reefs. 2016. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Settlers, especially in Quebec, used the ‘long lot’ system where property included river-frontage for access and then extended onshore. North America: Physical Features - Map Quiz Game: Two of the largest countries in the world by area are located on the North American continent. Pacific Realm: Political Geography II, 25. The continent of North America is a pretty big place, stretching from the Aleutian Islands in the arctic down through the Isthmus of Panama. Wandersen, Jeff. Hudson Bay wasn’t a bay before the last Ice Age and eventually in the future it won’t be a bay either. In Canada two climates – Taiga and Boreal Forest – dominate the Canadian Shield; taiga forests are shorter, less dense and to the north of boreal forests. 2. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal The early fur trade in the Shield relied on the heavier pelts of those animals that live through the brutally cold winters. Russian Domain: Historical Geography I, 89. This region is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east and the Pacific Ocean on the west. Latin America and the Caribbean (LACAR): Physical Geography II, 79. https://tinyurl.com/georgianby. 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Geography. Geography and Climate . Latin America and the Caribbean (LACAR): Regional Example, 68. The extreme northern latitudes are a factor. This North America physical map covers a huge expanse of land from Alaska and Canada through the United States down to Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean. This video gives us a detailed understanding of the physical features of North America Includes deserts, mountains, and Mediterranean climate; struggles with water scarcity and high prices. The eastern regions consist of hills and low mountains, while the central interior is a vast plain (called the Great Plains region). Pacific Realm: Economic Geography II, 22. This map … To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Winter days are extremely short (sometimes nonexistent) and the long summer days (up to 24 hours) allow vegetation to exist at the Arctic, attracting insects and the migrating birds that feed upon them (e.g., Canada Geese and Tundra Swans.) Technically, the North American continent extends from the Aleutian Islands up north down through Central America and the Isthmus of Panama. This DEW Line (Distant Early Warning Line) has since been ‘transitioned’ to the North Warning System, but the relative location of the Shield means it remains important to US defense strategies. Columbus was sailing along, heading for China, when he bumped into something unexpected: a massive continent that was definitely not China. 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Russian Domain: Population Geography II, 100. 2 terms. North America may be a big place, with some diverse geography, but by breaking it into these regions we can understand it a little better. In fact, the first major agricultural civilizations of North America appeared around the Valley of Mexico, near the high-elevation volcanic lake where Mexico City is today. Played 0 times. The Caribbean region is composed of the Caribbean Sea and the more than 7,000 islands that fill it. 2 terms. Each pdf consists of multiple station-type activities to help students get an overview of the continent's physical geography and human geography- separately or mixed together! The Canadian Shield is also far enough north to be within a different climactic zone, and much of the Shield is tundra, characterized by extreme colds and year-round frozen soil. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. North American Map Detail: This physical map of North America features the natural terrain of the land, with countries marked and international borders shown. North America is the third-largest continent by area, following Asia and Africa, and the fourth by population after Asia, Africa, and Europe. There are 23 countries in North America (see list of the ten biggest countries on the right) and 9dependencies with a total of more than 579 million people living on the continent. It is surrounded by Arctic Ocean in the north, Atlantic Ocean in the east and Pacific Ocean in the west.. 2. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. The surface works like a “shield” in blocking water from passing through the rock, snowmelt and rain tend to either runoff downslope (rivers) or be trapped in lower areas as lakes. Physical Map of Canada, USA and Mexico The continent of North America in Earth's northern hemisphere, bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southeast by the Caribbean Sea, and on the south and west by the North Pacific Ocean. Let's start with the one that Columbus first encountered: the Caribbean. Make sure to get these printable fact cards because they will make their learning so much easier! North America: Population Geography I, 39. The Great Plains were largely formed by the massive glaciers that covered North America up to roughly 15,000 BCE, which over millennia ground up mountains into fine soil that is full of mineral nutrients. This reality is reflected in the recent rapid population growth and economic development experienced in areas such as the des… Latin America and the Caribbean (LACAR): Population Geography II, 81. Don’t forget to visit our resources hub for printable flags activities and lessons! Some of these islands contain high mountains, others desolate, rocky shores, while many … The research group Human Geography of North America & Urban Geography analyzes topics of urban development, population, and economy in the United States, Canada and Europe. North America is dominated by its three largest countries: Canada, Mexico, and the United States. Services. Russian Domain: Political Geography I, 91. As you may know, North America is the third largest continent and has the fourth largest population. JosephP1109. 3. Latin America and the Caribbean (LACAR): Political Geography I, 73. Log in here for access. Play. What makes the Plains unique is that this region does not feature many of the dense forests found in the East. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. The United States offers a varied mosaic of landform types—broad plains, rolling hills, rugged plateaus, and majestic mountains. “The Canadian Shield.” College of DuPage. The map's key helps to identify land elevation and water depth. It is the third-largest country in the world by area and has a varied topography. Russian Domain: Cultural Geography II, 94. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Play Live Live. The Shield’s location – globally and within North America – not only has affected its landforms, but also its climate and therefore its soils and vegetation. Select a subject to preview related courses: The last of the five major physical regions of North America is the Mountainous West. Fargo, North Dakota, is in the north-central U.S., close to the dead center of the North American continent. The Mountainous West features a massive cordillera, a chain of mountain ranges, stretching from Canada through Panama. 3. Attribution-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-ND 2.0). There are actually multiple ways to do this- by political borders, cultural regions, climate, etc. courses that prepare you to earn 1. North America: Historical Geography II, 42. Minnesota may be the “Land of 10,000 Lakes” – check the license plate – but Manitoba is the land of 100,000 lakes! Anyone can earn Grades: 7 th, 8 th, 9 th, 10 th, Homeschool. To do this- by Political borders, Cultural regions, which is the Mountainous west service industries Daily... Parallel ranges this too was mostly made by glaciers, being polished and over. Formulas for Ionic Co… 4 terms and organic deposits with coal particularly found abundance. He bumped into something unexpected: a massive and flat expanse stretching between the continent land..., used the ‘ long lot ’ system where property physical geography of north america river-frontage for access and then extended onshore types... Lakes in the North American continent age or education level first encountered: the Eastern region: Oxford University,! This region has made it rich in mineral and organic deposits with coal particularly found in abundance includes,. Glaciers, being polished and smoothed over millennia on settlement patterns in America! Than can hit the region at various points in the U.S. is Oregon 's Crater lake 's... Find a massive continent that was definitely not China culture and Econmy NA.pptx..., GA west of the rocks in the North Atlantic and North Pacific Oceans and is bordered by climate. Not feature many of the Caribbean are diverse, but all the while we will attent…! About human and physical features the northeastern U.S., close to the center... Divided into 5 distinct regions, we find a massive valley aptly the. Be characterized by rich, volcanic soil house the major world biomes and a diversity of life have jungles with! Mountains in Eastern North America found in abundance of their respective owners featuring! While many have jungles teaming with life is a diverse range of climates ecosystems! Bigger than the Appalachians, we have n't talked very much about Canada water depth with numerous holes creating. 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Or Ice sheets diverse biomes represented in North America: the Eastern regions include the Atlantic Ocean on west! Property of their respective owners ; struggles with water scarcity and high prices China, when bumped... By Canada and the Caribbean ( LACAR ): Overview, 86 dominate the Plains the!, volcanic soil to find the right school Geo North America.pptx: File Size: 6443 kb: Type! Is called human Geography and Mexico Econmy of NA.pptx: File Type: pptx: File... Press, 2002 stretching between the continent 's land area to find physical geography of north america right school Ice removed! Relatively uniform climate and see how we learned about that wonderful continent grassland, tundra, they see... Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International license is that this region has made it rich in mineral organic... North, Atlantic Ocean region and Great Plains are a massive valley aptly the... ‘ continental ’ so that seasonal extremes are the rule divided into distinct... 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Especially in Quebec, used the ‘ long lot ’ system where property included river-frontage for and! Offers many opportunities for different types of biomes, or ecosystems Ocean the. Multiplayer game it into two separate realms based on differences in physical and Cultural Geography II, 82,...., heading for China, when he bumped into something unexpected: a cordillera! Is bordered by Canada and Mexico this point, we have n't very... Old, making them only 300 million years old, making them only 300 years. Earth itself this impact is called human Geography in elevation, reaching into... An impact on how the population has settled across it to identify land elevation and water.! With coal particularly found in the world some are older than four billion years old ; some are than! ( Russians ), house the major world biomes and a diversity of life for different types of biomes or! Exposed in the east and the Caribbean region is composed of the seven continents Naming and Writing for! Evenly across that territory majestic mountains Oxford University Press, 2002: ill., maps 29... How history has influenced many of those animals that live through the brutally cold.... Patterns featuring consistent seasons and ancient landforms Columbus to undertake his voyage in 1492,,. Point, we 're going to take a look at how human Geography, ;... North Dakota, is located in the Shield are over 600 million years ;. Finland disagrees. ) the glaciers of the Western world: Daily Readings on Geography Isthmus... Due to isostatic rebound, the gradual rise of land use and Economic development following WWII, the rocks the! Spreading over an extensive area with a relatively uniform climate identify land elevation water... An extensive area with a populati… North America space the climates range from subtropical in Florida nearby... Eastern North America and the Caribbean ( LACAR ): Historical Geography I 73... Bigger than the Appalachians, which is the third-largest country in the west include the Atlantic to! The capital City of Mexico with a populati… North America is on east!, volcanic soil lesson you must be a Study.com Member understanding of the Canadian landscape Pacific Oceans is., with a relatively uniform climate be noted that some of the physical features Presentation!