The next answer is that Alexander Cartwright invented baseball in 1845 in New York City. He was instead moved to the first base side, often placed midway between home and first base. The book is still influential, stating the widely accepted alternative to the Doubleday myth. His duty was as an assistant to the pitcher. Rankin followed his first letter with a second, dated February 15, 1905. This is memorialized in his Hall of Fame plaque, which for factual inaccuracy is second only to Cartwright’s. It was Cartwright who suggested organizing a club to play his game. One of them, William Van Cott, confirmed that. Contrary to the official myth about the origin of the sport, Alexander Cartwright (1820-1898) is the man who should be credited with doing the most to invent the modern game of baseball. Cartwright was a bookseller and volunteer firefighter in Manhattan. Even as the Cartwright and Doubleday myths were dueling, the new discipline of academic sports history arose. Live All You Can: Alexander Joy Cartwright and the Invention of Modern Baseball Any recollection from that era was interpreted through the assumption that it must be from baseball’s earliest youth, distorting the entire enterprise. Curry’s story had seemed strange to the young Rankin, so he had set out to confirm it by interviewing other old-timers. In any case there is no reason to doubt it. Cartwright was married to Eliza Van Wie, with whom he had five children: DeWitt, Mary, Kathleen, Bruce, and Alexander III. In 1845, Cartwright laid out the key rules of the game, including the dimensions of the field. He saw Tassie’s Mr. Wadsworth as a potential solution, carrying the game from Cooperstown to New York and introducing it to the Knickerbockers. The inventor of Baseball Alexander Cartwright. Among the prominent players were Col. James Lee, Dr. He recalled a story about Mr. Wadsworth. While working as a bank clerk and volunteer firefighter in New York, Cartwright started playing a popular game known as “town ball” or “base ball.” So having the bases form the corners of a square was one of several natural configurations. True. For a recent and particularly thorough analysis see Nucciarone, 179–92. Profession: Inventor of Modern Baseball. His interest rather is in refuting Chadwick’s rounders theory (with town ball as the intermediate form) by establishing that none of the old New York ballplayers recalled ever playing “town ball” or “rounders.”. The third example comes from Rankin’s first letter, where Ferguson says of Duncan Curry “one of the real fathers of Base Ball.” Each of these “fathers” worked to advance the game in some way, but none of these was taken to mean that the individual was the inventor of baseball. The effects of these assumptions show in the two stories by Abner Graves and Thomas Tassie. In the meantime the earlier versions, with their major, and potentially embarrassing, discrepancies lay buried in archives and forgotten. Resistance to this interpretation soon arose, on both structural and patriotic grounds. Cartwright soon disappeared from baseball circles. Graves told how baseball had been invented by Abner Doubleday, who went on to be a Civil War general, and taught to the boys of the village. He tells that shortly after he had called on Tassie, he was looking through his files on a different matter. To see how it came to be, we will first look at Henry Chadwick, the only journalist with a plaque in the Baseball Hall of Fame; at William Rankin, the father of the Cartwright myth; and then at the Mills Commission, its incubator. Cartwright was born in 1820 to Alexander Carwright, Sr., a merchant sea captain, and Esther Burlock Cartwright. This interview is the centerpiece of the claim that Cartwright invented baseball. 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